Korean J Hepatol > Volume 11(2); 2005 > Article
The Korean Journal of Hepatology 2005;11(2): 135-143.
Antioxidant Status in Nonalcoholic Steatohepatitis
Kyung Sik Park, M.D., Byoung Kuk Jang, M.D., Ki Min Kwon, M.D., Woo Jin Chung, M.D., Kwang Bum Cho, M.D., Jae Seok Hwang, M.D., Sung Hoon Ahn, M.D., Kyo Cheol Mun, M.D.1 and Young Hwan Kim, M.D.2
Department of Internal Medicine, Biochemistry1, and Diagnostic Radiology2, Keimyung University College of Medicine, Daegu, Korea
Abstract

Background/Aims:
Nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) is chronic liver disease that can potentially progress to end stage liver disease. Oxidative stress to the vulnerable fatty liver has been reported as a key mechanism in development of NASH. Several antioxidant pathways have been identified, but reports that involved quantitative analysis of each antioxidant systems are rare, and these reports have shown various results. So, we investigated antioxidant status and the degree of oxidative stress by measuring several antioxidant enzymes, the total antioxidant status (TAS), and the metabolites of superoxide in NASH patients.
Methods:
Nineteen NASH patients who were confirmed by liver biopsy and fifteen controls were involved in this study. The levels of body mass index (BMI), AST, ALT, superoxide dismutase (SOD), glutathione peroxidase (GPx), catalase, TAS, hydrogen peroxide (H2O2), and malondialdehyde (MDA) were compared between both groups. The relationship between the histologic severity and the levels of each antioxidants were analyzed in the NASH group.
Results:
The activities of SOD and catalase were lower in the NASH group. The concentrations of TAS and H2O2 were higher in NASH group. The level of GPx and MDA showed no significant differences between both groups. There were no significant relationships between the above variables and the pathological severity.
Conclusions:
The disturbed metabolism of superoxide due to the decreased activities of SOD and catalase seem to be important in the pathogenesis of NASH. Further investigations about the nonenzymatic secondary antioxidant mechanism are necessary because the TAS was higher for the NASH group. The lack of difference between both groups for the concentration of MDA indicates that mechanisms other than lipid peroxidation also may be important in the pathogenesis of NASH. (Korean J Hepatol 2005;11:135-143)
KeyWords: Antioxidant status, Nonalcoholic steatohepatitis

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